AggreProt: A Web Server for Predicting and Engineering Aggregation Prone Regions in Proteins

Authors

Planas-Iglesias, J., Borko, S., Swiatkowski, J., Elias, M., Havlasek, M., Salamon, O., Grakova, E., Kunka, A., Martinovic, T., Damborsky, J., Martinovic, J., Bednar, D.

Source

NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH GKAE420: 1-11 (2024)

Abstract

Recombinant proteins play pivotal roles in numerous applications including industrial biocatalysts or therapeutics. Despite the recent progress in computational protein structure prediction, protein solubility and reduced aggregation propensity remain challenging attributes to design. Identification of aggregation-prone regions is essential for understanding misfolding diseases or designing efficient protein-based technologies, and as such has a great socio-economic impact. Here, we introduce AggreProt, a user-friendly webserver that automatically exploits an ensemble of deep neural networks to predict aggregation-prone regions (APRs) in protein sequences. Trained on experimentally evaluated hexapeptides, AggreProt compares to or outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms on two independent benchmark datasets. The server provides per-residue aggregation profiles along with information on solvent accessibility and transmembrane propensity within an intuitive interface with interactive sequence and structure viewers for comprehensive analysis. We demonstrate AggreProt efficacy in predicting differential aggregation behaviours in proteins on several use cases, which emphasize its potential for guiding protein engineering strategies towards decreased aggregation propensity and improved solubility. The webserver is freely available and accessible at https://loschmidt.chemi.muni.cz/aggreprot/.

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Citation

Planas-Iglesias, J., Borko, S., Swiatkowski, J., Elias, M., Havlasek, M., Salamon, O., Grakova, E., Kunka, A., Martinovic, T., Damborsky, J., Martinovic, J., Bednar, D., 2024: AggreProt: A Web Server for Predicting and Engineering Aggregation Prone Regions in Proteins. Nucleic Acids Research gkae420: 1-11.

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