Quantitative Structure-Function and Structure-Stability Relationships of Purposely Modified Proteins
PROTEIN ENGINEERING 11: 21-30 (1998)
Quantitative structure-function relationships (QSFR) and quantitative structure-stability relationships (QSSR) analyses are described here. The objective of these analyses is to investigate and quantitatively describe the effect of the changes in structure of protein on its function or stability. During the analysis, the structural and physico-chemical properties of the amino acid residues are related to activity or stability data derived for the group of proteins containing systematic substitutions at certain positions. Four examples of the application of these analyses on the data obtained with proteins modified by site-directed mutagenesis experiments are provided. Structure-function relationships were studied for 15 mutants in position 172 of the haloalkane dehalogenase and 19 mutants in position 222 of the subtilisin, while the structure-stability relationships were investigated for 13 mutants in position 157 of phage T4 lysozyme and 18 mutants in position 49 of alpha-submits tryptophan synthase. A total of 402 molecular descriptors derived from AAindex database were used to quantify amino acid properties and the multivariate statistical technique–partial least squares projections to latent structures–was used to identify those of them which are important for explanation of the activity and stability data. Quantitative models were developed and internally validated for every data set. The possibilities for further development of both analyses and their application for predictive and analytical purposes in protein engineering research are discussed.